Search results for: Chile
Page 1/2 12 items
Can an outsider become an insider? Analysing the effect of action research in initial EFL teacher education programs
This study focuses on the perspectives of teachers who were recent graduates of two initial English language teacher education programmes in Chile, who had undertaken action research projects as part of their degree programme. It also engaged the university-based supervisors who had overseen this work. These experiences are analysed in the context of the guiding epistemological and political foundations of action research. The outcomes of this research suggest that the use of action research in initial teacher education contexts may be more problematic than it is often assumed; particularly, where student teachers’ work is professionally isolated. From this, it is suggested that action research in initial teacher education needs to be conscious of potential constraints in school-based contexts, as these may act to limit the current and prospective impact of this learning experience.
Updated: Apr. 21, 2020
Construction of educational knowledge with the Mapuche community through dialogical-kishu kimkelay ta che research
This paper reports the development of a Mapuche education programme in the context of indigenous demands and claims in relation to education, specifically the Bafkehce Mapuche community who live in the Araucanía Region of Chile. The central objective defined was to systematise, jointly with the indigenous community, the components defined as educational knowledge in order to generate a Mapuche education. The study was approached using the dialogical-kishu kimkelay ta che methodology, developed jointly with a Maci (responsible for ceremonies), two Kimches (sages), a Gütancefe (bone-setter), Mapuche teachers, and undergraduate teaching students and academics. The results show epistemic and gnoseological categories which differ from the westernised Chilean categories of education, thus allowing a Mapuche education programme to be generated in order to establish a dialogue between educational knowledge in the indigenous context and in the Chilean western context.
Updated: Dec. 04, 2019
This study aimed to examine the relationship between policies related to the recruitment, selection, preparation, and certification of new teachers and (a) the quality of future teachers as measured by their mathematics content and pedagogy content knowledge and (b) student achievement in mathematics at the national level. The findings revealed statistically significant associations between the overall strength of these quality assurance arrangements and the quality of graduates. The authors found that countries with strong quality assurance arrangements, such as Chinese Taipei and Singapore, scored highest, whereas countries with weaker arrangements, such as Georgia and Chile, tended to score lower on these measures. The results also showed a statistically significant relationship between quality assurance arrangements and the mathematics achievement of students.
Updated: Jul. 01, 2018
The purpose of this study was to understand the process through which a teacher becomes a teacher educator, considering all of the associated variables both personal and professional. The findings reveal that the majority of the participants indicated that they did not receive any kind of support with respect to their professional induction, especially during their early years as teacher educators. Additionally, the findings suggest that the teacher educator’s approach to teaching will be different especially if the teacher educator works simultaneously in a school and in a teacher education program. Hence, teacher educators who work both in a school and teacher education programs teach based on their practical experience as a school teacher.
Updated: Nov. 16, 2017
This article investigate teacher educators’ views of current trends and their consequences for teacher education futures. The findings reported give voice to the expert participants. The data were then used to develop the discussion which comprised two scenarios. Two major fields of change are identified here and these are used to imagine different futures through the use of a two-dimensional model. The two major fields identified from the discussion are a continuum on location of teacher education, from school based to university based, and a continuum on autonomy and regulation, ranging from high government regulation to self-regulation by the profession.
Updated: May. 07, 2017
Improving Chilean In-service Elementary Teachers’ Understanding of Nature of Science Using Self-contained NOS and Content-Embedded Mini-Courses
This study investigated how elementary teachers’ understanding of nature of science (NOS) was impacted through a 1-year professional development program in Chile that included NOS instruction as a theme throughout two types of mini-courses in the program. Elementary teachers’ understanding of the creative, inferential, and tentative aspect of NOS showed improvement.
Updated: Feb. 29, 2016
The present article set out to examine the issue of whether opportunity to learn (OTL) was related to mathematics and mathematics pedagogy knowledge for future middle school mathematics teachers and for future elementary teachers who will likely teach mathematics. The authors used data from 81 randomly sampled U.S. public and private institutions as well as international data from top-achieving countries. The results showed major differences in course taking between the A+ countries and the United States, especially for lower secondary preparation programs.
Updated: Jan. 01, 2014
Teacher Education Effectiveness: Quality and Equity of Future Primary Teachers’ Mathematics and Mathematics Pedagogical Content Knowledge
This article examined across 15 countries to what extent primary teacher education can be regarded as effective and the possible reasons for inequity. The effectiveness of teacher education was examined by taking two indicators into account: future teachers’ mean achievement on a paper-and-pencil test as an indicator of quality, and the variability of teacher achievement due to background characteristics as an indicator of equity. The authors conclude that none of the TEDS-M countries was successful on both indicators of teacher education effectiveness with respect to background characteristics, gender, and language. Singapore and Taiwan may be regarded as the most effective teacher education systems, with high achievement and gender equity on MPCK and high achievement and language.
Updated: Dec. 25, 2013
Family Background, Entry Selectivity and Opportunities to Learn: What Matters in Primary Teacher Education? An International Comparison of Fifteen Countries
This article examines the effectiveness of teacher education programs from fifteen countries with respect to mathematics content knowledge (MCK) and mathematics pedagogical content knowledge (MPCK) as cognitive outcomes after equalizing their teacher intake. Data from the comparative TEDS-M study revealed that the mathematics content knowledge (MCK) and the mathematics pedagogical content knowledge (MPCK) of primary teachers differed significantly at the end of teacher education between the participating countries and between teacher education programs within countries.
Updated: Oct. 29, 2013
Standards-Based Performance Assessment for the Evaluation of Student Teachers: A Consequential Validity Study
The study was conducted to evaluate the consequential validity of the instrument Samples of Teaching Performance (STP). The participants in the study were 20 supervisors and 62 student teachers from three elementary and five secondary teacher preparation programs in Chile. Student teachers described how this assessment had honed their sense of professionalism and promoted learning of the skills assessed. Supervisors reported enlarging the topics discussed with student teachers and making some changes to the supervisory process.
Updated: Mar. 22, 2011