Search results for: Pedagogical content knowledge
Page 12/23 223 items
The purpose of this study is to describe and understand prospective science teachers’ knowledge development. This is a longitudinal, multiple case study of four prospective biology teachers’ PCK development during a post-baccalaureate teacher education program. The authors learned that as prospective teachers gained more knowledge and experience, the interaction that develops between teachers’ knowledge of learners and their knowledge of instructional sequences becomes more integrated. In addition, the findings demonstrate a strong relationship exists between science teaching orientations and knowledge of learners and instructional sequences.
Updated: Jul. 20, 2014
In this longitudinal study, the authors investigate changes in teachers’ mathematics knowledge during a mathematics content course focused on real-world applications and during a content/pedagogy hybrid course designed specifically for elementary teachers. The authors used two popular assessments in the United States: (1) Learning Mathematics for Teaching (LMT) and (2) Diagnostic Teacher Assessments in Mathematics and Science (DTAMS). The findings reveal that teachers made large gains on both measures. However, the LMT better captured gains made during the hybrid course, whereas DTAMS better detected gains during the mathematics course. Furthermore, the patterns of change differed during the two courses, with the LMT scores increasing during the hybrid course only and the DTAMS scores increasing over the two courses.
Updated: Jul. 02, 2014
Investigating the Development of Prospective Mathematics Teachers’ Pedagogical Content Knowledge of Generalising Number Patterns through School Practicum
This case study was conducted to explore the development of pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) through a school practicum course. The case study also examined how observation of number pattern lessons in schools and discussions of these observation contribute to prospective teachers’ PCK. The participants of the study were three female prospective elementary mathematics teachers, who enrolled in a 4-year teacher training programme in a university in I˙zmir, Turkey. With regard to the issue of effectiveness of the activities in the SP course, it can be concluded that observations in real classroom settings and discussions of these observations in the SP course resulted in an improvement of the prospective teachers’ PCK.
Updated: Jun. 22, 2014
This article investigates the fraction knowledge of prospective elementary teachers in Taiwan. The findings suggest that Taiwanese prospective elementary teachers’ common fraction knowledge is quite secure. Many of them have developed multiple strategies for solving fraction division word problems and showed flexibility in utilizing them. All three of the major strategies prospective teachers used to solve the number line problem and the jogging problem are built upon multiple pieces of the knowledge package described by Ma (1999). The authors recommend a concerted effort to help prospective elementary teachers develop a level of proficiency on fraction division comparable to their Taiwanese counterparts at the conclusion of their required mathematics courses.
Updated: Jun. 18, 2014
Motivations for Choosing Teaching as a Career: Effects on General Pedagogical Knowledge during Initial Teacher Education
This study aimed to examine the significance of teaching motivations for the gain of professional knowledge during teacher education. The findings reveal that the FIT-Choice instrument’s factor structure was replicated. Furthermore, the motivation profile typical for preservice teachers in Germany was also replicated. The results also reveal that intrinsic motivation is positively correlated, whereas extrinsic motivation is negatively correlated, with GPK at the first occasion of measurement. In addition, the findings show that extrinsic motivation also matters for preservice teachers.
Updated: Jun. 02, 2014
Opportunities for Teacher Learning During Enactment of Inquiry Science Curriculum Materials: Exploring the Potential for Teacher Educative Materials
The work of this study examines the process of interacting with materials and students while thinking about teaching in order to guide curriculum material designers’ thinking about when and how materials might be helpful for teachers. The study followed a seventh-grade science teacher, who enacted five inquiry-based science units with all 5 of her seventh-grade science classes over a 2-year period. The findings describe the teacher’s interactions with materials written to support teachers learning to teach inquiry science. Findings indicate that this teacher’s ideas developed as she interacted with materials and her students. Information about student ideas, task and idea-specific support, and model teacher language was most helpful.
Updated: Apr. 30, 2014
In this study, the authors were interested to investigate how a lesson plan study (LPS) activity conducted within the context of a computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) environment would impact on prospective teachers’ repertoires of pedagogical-content knowledge (PCK) about teaching primary school mathematics. By the end of this study, it was found that the prospective teachers had made considerable advances to their repertoires of PCK. The authors found several factors that influenced growth in PCK.
Updated: Apr. 30, 2014
Because Wisdom Can’t Be Told: Using Comparison of Simulated Parent–Teacher Conferences to Assess Teacher Candidates’ Readiness for Family–School Partnership
This study assessed teacher candidates’ readiness for parent involvement. Specifically, the study used a text-based case and carefully selected videos of simulated parent–teacher conferences to explore teacher candidates’ awareness and use of two dimensions of interpersonal communication: responsiveness and structuring. The findings revealed that candidates felt highly confident about their ability to communicate with students’ families; their levels of efficacy did not align with their actual skills: candidates made limited use of a small range of effective communication strategies; and the candidates could discriminate between effective and less-effective models of professional practice.
Updated: Mar. 18, 2014
The present study examines performance of students who took a basic skills test (Praxis I) between 1999 and 2005 and one of the four large-volume licensure tests (Praxis II) between 2002 and 2005. The findings of this study reveal that individuals who pass basic skills tests at borderline levels are far less likely to pass licensure tests than are candidates who meet the median state-level basic skills test requirements. Thus, the authors claim that students who have difficulty writing would very likely have difficulty in writing-intensive curricula like English and social studies, which would then be reflected on their licensure exams.
Updated: Mar. 04, 2014
The present article set out to examine the issue of whether opportunity to learn (OTL) was related to mathematics and mathematics pedagogy knowledge for future middle school mathematics teachers and for future elementary teachers who will likely teach mathematics. The authors used data from 81 randomly sampled U.S. public and private institutions as well as international data from top-achieving countries. The results showed major differences in course taking between the A+ countries and the United States, especially for lower secondary preparation programs.
Updated: Jan. 01, 2014