Search results for: Theories
Page 1/9 85 items
Using Habits of Mind, Intelligent Behaviors, and Educational Theories to Create a Conceptual Framework for Developing Effective Teaching Dispositions
Despite the heated debates about dispositions in teacher education, most accrediting agencies continue to put dispositions among their priorities. The authors of the current article concur with the value of using Dewey to understand how habits can be clustered to better understand intelligent teaching dispositions. But, can Dewey’s epistemology be extended to learning theories in a manner that informs the making of teaching conduct more intelligent? To address this question, the authors applied qualitative content analysis to review the literature. Through a deductive approach, dispositions as Habits of Mind were related to educational theories using intelligent behaviors as the common denominator. The authors conclude that dispositions can be clustered around Habits of Mind that are related directly to educational learning theories vis-à-vis thoughtfulness, and to learning theories that support learning or mindfulness. Grounding dispositions as habits of mind in selected educational theories may guide and support the professional development of teaching dispositions.
Updated: Jun. 06, 2019
In this article, the authors argue for paying close attention to the materiality of practice in understanding the work of teacher educators; specifically, the meanings of artefacts used by teacher educators in the course of their daily work. They locate this analysis within a dialectical materialist understanding of the development of human activity, providing examples of artefacts-in-use in initial teacher education and the meanings accorded to these artefacts by the teacher educators they observed and interviewed. Their aim is to make a case for what is afforded epistemologically when researchers pay attention to artefacts from a dialectical materialist viewpoint.
Updated: Jul. 04, 2017
This article describes an aspect of reflective practice referred to as situated reflective practice. It is argued that there exist some situations where a person will find themselves in a position over which they have little control, avoidance or veto. This study's major conclusion was that key interview themes enabled the delineation of a series of five characteristics representing increasing structural distance in space and time between the reflective practitioner and the professional situation in which they work.
Updated: Jul. 04, 2016
Postgraduate Student Teachers’ Developing Conceptions of the Place of Theory in Learning to Teach: ‘More Important to Me Now Than When I Started’
This article reports on the developing conceptions held by a group of postgraduate student teachers about the relationship of theory to classroom practice in learning to teach. The authors capture participants’ preconceptions about theory before beginning training and subsequent developments through the course and into the first teaching post. The students saw theoretical knowledge as preparation for the classroom and something to be applied in practice. As newly qualified teachers, the participants not only see theory as integral to their practice, but recognise the important, largely unanticipated, role of the university in this process.
Updated: May. 30, 2016
This paper synthesizes literature related to critical race theory (CRT) and disability theory to elucidate the need for a critical ability theory in teacher education. Combining the tenets of CRT and disability theories provides a lens for viewing how power and privilege affect public and private conceptions of what it means to have a special need.
Updated: Oct. 12, 2015
This article utilizes five characteristics of “good” scientific theory: accuracy, consistency, scope, simplicity, and fruitfulness- taken from the work of Thomas Kuhn. Based upon this examination, four suggestions are provided to support future research into technology integration that seek to help address limitations in the TPACK framework and to inform its appropriate and thoughtful use in research and practice.
Updated: Aug. 03, 2015
Teachers’ Implicit Theories of Intelligence: Influences from Different Disciplines and Scientific Theories
This study aimed to investigate if teachers within different disciplines hold different beliefs about implicit theories of intelligence and secondly to provide a better understanding of the scientific theories of intelligence in relation to the implicit. The authors also investigated if preferences for implicit theories of intelligence have anything to do with age or experience among teachers. The findings revealed that teachers from language, social science and practical disciplines had a significant preference for an incremental theory of intelligence compared to an entity theory of intelligence whilst the teachers in mathematics did not. The results from this study also show that (1) older and more experienced teachers and (2) younger and less experienced teachers had a stronger preference toward entity theories of intelligence.
Updated: Jul. 28, 2015
Understanding Emotions As Situated, Embodied, and Fissured: Thinking with Theory to Create an Analytical Tool
This article introduces a new analytical tool, a critical performative analysis of emotion (CPAE), that draws upon three theoretical perspectives: emotions as situated, as embodied, and as fissured. These three theoretical perspectives -i.e. critical sociocultural, narrative, and rhizomatic- allow researchers to think with theory.
Updated: Mar. 16, 2015
This article draws on Margaret Somerville's ideas, who has suggested that a new methodology of postmodern emergence might allow researchers to disrupt the taken-for-granted and provide fresh insight into familiar problems. They argue that the research reminds them of the regenerative potency of relationships and conversations in which doubts and disillusion can be expressed and heard.
Updated: Nov. 24, 2014
The purpose of this article is to analyse the assumptions regarding how the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is to achieve its intended effects, that is, to reconstruct PISA’s programme theory (PT) and to probe the validity of its underlying assumptions. The article demonstrates that PISA’s PT has low internal validity. PISA results to react to and reflect on their own practice, compare themselves with others, and then act accordingly to improve education systems and school practice, though no activities or resources are allocated to change school practice.
Updated: Oct. 21, 2014