Search results for: Field experiences
Page 1/10 97 items
Reflecting on Others Before Reflecting on Self: Using Video Evidence to Guide Teacher Candidates’ Reflective Practices
A convergent parallel mixed methods study investigated the potential of one teacher preparation approach for promoting candidate reflection. Thirteen candidates participated in clinical field experiences and four corresponding seminar classes with guided video analysis activities. Candidates were systematically guided through focusing on others before focusing on self and explicitly learned about a reflection continuum using an instructional framework to build prerequisite skills and ultimately improve reflective abilities. Results of paired-sample t tests indicated candidates demonstrated significantly higher reflective ability scores over time as measured by a reflection checklist. Qualitative analysis of structured interviews revealed candidates felt activities were (a) a systematic approach to authentic growth, (b) a challenging approach to necessary self-confrontation, and (c) allowed for connections between self and other. Methodological triangulation was used to validate the findings. Implications for teacher preparation research and practice are discussed.
Updated: Oct. 26, 2020
University-district partnerships to improve field experiences: Associations with candidate perceptions and performance
Education Preparation Programs (EPPs) are increasingly pressured to demonstrate alignment between program supports and candidates’ outcomes. Using mixed methods, we studied the Early Field Immersion School (EFIS), an effort to improve candidates’ early field experiences. Participants included 171 candidates enrolled in a graduate certificate program and 11 university-based faculty. EFIS candidates spent increased time in early field experiences, yet EFIS was not associated with candidates’ performance at program exit. Although we found that while candidates and faculty alike valued EFIS supports, participation was negatively associated with perceptions of preparedness. We discuss these discrepancies and offer suggestions for ongoing research.
Updated: Oct. 21, 2020
“I Didn’t Want to Make Them Feel Wrong in Any Way”: Preservice Teachers Craft Digital Feedback on Sociopolitical Perspectives in Student Texts
This qualitative multicase analysis investigated the role of “educational niceness” and “neutrality” in preservice English teacher feedback on sociopolitical issues in student writing. As part of the field experiences for several English Language Arts (ELA) methods courses at two universities, one urban and one rural, the teacher-researchers used Google Docs and other technologies to connect preservice teachers (PSTs) with high school writers at a geographical distance so that urban-situated PSTs could mentor rural-situated writers and vice versa. Five methods courses over two semesters served as cases, and 12 PSTs from those courses participated in focus groups. Data included audio recordings of nine focus groups and PSTs’ digital responses to student writing. Using thematic analysis, the authors explored how PSTs responded to sociopolitical perspectives in students’ writing — both engaging them and staying neutral. Although authentic opportunities for responding to student writers supported PSTs’ critical reflection on teaching writing, analysis of PSTs’ responses indicate that such authentic practice may not be sufficient for preparing PSTs to navigate sociopolitical issues and may, in fact, exacerbate PSTs’ impulse to enact educational niceness.
Updated: Apr. 18, 2020
The purpose of this study was to understand how writing teacher educators, who used research-based practices, make connections to K-12 classrooms for their preservice teacher candidates. A team of eight literacy researchers and educators from institutions across the United States collaborated to conduct a qualitative interview study of 15 writing teacher educators. This study is grounded in literature on effective writing instruction as well as university and K-12 connections, and it is framed by Kolb’s experiential learning theory. Findings suggest several themes related to how writing teacher educators make connections to K-12 classrooms including intentional field experiences, spending time in the field themselves, connecting their teaching of writing assessment to actual classrooms and students, and engaging in consistent reflection and revision of their courses. Implications and future directions for research are explored.
Updated: Feb. 23, 2020
Within a sociocultural framework, we use situated learning theory to explore the use of a coteaching approach during student teaching. Coteaching is a model for learning to teach where clinical educators and teacher candidates teach alongside one another and share responsibility for pupil learning. Teacher education programs have adopted this model for student teaching because there is evidence that coteaching supports pupil learning and coteacher learning. This study of coteaching in three teacher education programs, within the same university, examined opportunities afforded for teacher candidates’ development of growth competence, adaptive teaching expertise, and collaborative expertise. Data analysis from the nested, cross-case qualitative study enabled us to examine opportunities for candidate learning afforded by coteaching during student teaching, posit recommendations on using coteaching, explain the necessary conditions, and discuss the model’s current limitations.
Updated: Feb. 13, 2020
This paper describes a systematic review to critically analyze empirical research conducted in the field of social justice and teacher education and published in peer-reviewed journals within the last 10 years. The authors found that the broad foci of this research could be represented by four themes: understandings of social justice and attitudes to diversity, changes in beliefs, field experience and service learning, and innovations and challenges in teacher education.
Updated: Aug. 12, 2018
Application of Computer-Mediated Communication on Teacher Efficacy during School-Based Field Experience
This study examined the effectiveness of online social networking sites in developing the efficacy of student teachers during a practicum. The author found that such device was not as effective in enhancing teacher efficacy as many studies had hypothesized. Previous studies hypothesized that the popularity and familiarity of Facebook among student teachers would encourage them to use it as a platform where they can receive support, encouragement, and solutions when making decisions during a practicum. However, the findings of this study revealed that the efficacy of the participants in the Facebook community was only improved in area of Instructional Strategies, whereas that of the participants who were not part of this community improved in the areas of both Student Engagement and Classroom Management. The author concludes that an effective platform should involve both experienced teachers and other useful, easily accessible resources for student teachers. Furthermore, computer-mediated communication may not always be the optimal choice even with its commonality and familiarity.
Updated: May. 22, 2018
This study investigates the attitude of mentors toward student teachers’ team teaching in general and toward parallel and sequential teaching in particular. Furthermore, the authors also examine the advantages and disadvantages the mentors see for the actors involved (mentors, student teachers, and learners) and the conditions they consider necessary for successful implementation. The findings indicate that mentors demonstrated an openness toward the use of team teaching during field experiences. The mentors identified both advantages and disadvantages for mentors and student teachers.
Updated: Feb. 14, 2018
This article aims to describe pedagogical practices used by teacher educators who prepare teachers to be culturally responsive. The authors, who are teacher educators themselves, recognize the challenges associated with teaching about issues of diversity and facilitating preservice teachers’ (PSTs) acquisition of culturally relevant pedagogy. The authors integrate between culturally relevant pedagogy and a framework for diversity awareness and identity development. They are interested in supporting teacher educators who yearn to prepare culturally responsive PSTs. They focus on three practices for preparing teachers who are culturally responsive: establishing a positive classroom learning environment, implementing purposeful learning activities and providing appropriate field experiences with a focus on diversity.
Updated: Nov. 01, 2017
This study examined the support, instruction, coursework, discussions, field and clinical experiences, and critical reflection that took place within a precollegiate Urban Teaching Academy (UTA) magnet program located in a southeastern school district. Two major themes emerged with sub-themes undergirding each. The first theme of disparate program-based experiences highlighted the three unique structures each teacher implemented to expose their students to the realities of teaching, which included their emphasis—or lack thereof—on coursework and field and clinical experiences. The second theme of student reactions to their learning experiences expressed the three differentiated curricular experiences students encountered.
Updated: Aug. 13, 2017