Search results for: Initial teacher education
Page 1/4 34 items
Critical consciousness as a response to student disengagement: an initial teacher education case study
In this paper, the authors use an engagement framework to understand the experiences of university students midway through their initial teacher education programme. Analysis of interview transcripts revealed that engagement is being influenced negatively by a convergence of political, economic, structural and psychosocial factors. Despite the influence of these converging factors, some students maintained high levels of engagement, while others adopted survival strategies not conducive to deep learning. The authors argue that one way to deal with disengagement is to support learners to develop critical consciousness, a concept that includes learning agency, learning success, learning well-being and learning social justice.
Updated: Sep. 23, 2020
The Universities and initial teacher education; challenging the discourse of derision. The case of Wales
For nearly 40 years the quality and value of the contribution of universities to initial teacher education has been brought into question. This is particularly so in England where the ongoing ‘discourse of derision’ has resulted in universities no longer being seen as necessary partners in the process. More recently, similar challenges have taken place in other countries such as USA and Australia. However in 2013, when the Welsh Government turned its attention to the apparent low quality of its current provision, rather than challenging the role of universities, it chose to strengthen their contribution. There were however to be important changes that insisted that universities put the student teacher learning at the heart of course planning, that universities clarify their own distinctive contribution and that they work in close collaboration with schools. While this approach to initial teacher education is not new, this is the first time that such a model has been implemented on a national scale. This paper outlines the nature, rationale and underlying research for the reforms in Wales. It concludes by speculating on their likely impact in raising the quality of provision and securing the future contribution of universities to teachers’ learning.
Updated: Aug. 18, 2020
Shulman, or Shulman and Shulman? How communities and contexts affect the development of pre-service teachers’ subject knowledge
This paper explores the interconnection between the development of subject knowledge and the influence of communities in which the learning is located. Participants followed an initial teacher education (ITE) course in physical education. Data collection consisted of interviews with pre-service teachers and their school-based mentors. ata analysis utilised the constant comparative method. The study found significant gains in the knowledge bases that were investigated. These could only be understood within the context of the communities in which the learning took place. This influence needs to be explicitly recognised if a more complete understanding of subject knowledge formation on ITE programmes is to be developed.
Updated: Aug. 08, 2020
Developing research-informed practice in initial teacher education through school-university partnering
There is limited research investigating models of partnering between University and Schools in initial teacher education (ITE). This project investigated, over a 10 year period, how student teachers in an English University on a one year course, draw on theoretical models, introduced in university sessions, when planning for a ‘creative week’ placement in schools. Working within an interpretivist paradigm drawing on data from 52 student teachers, 10 teachers and 50 children this case study explored a model of teacher education provision. Findings illuminated factors that inhibited student teachers from planning engaging lessons, which challenged their learners, including poor relationships between stakeholders, misunderstandings of the purpose of the placement and under developed knowledge and understandings of how to successfully draw on theoretical models to enhance learning, together with the challenges of limited time during a one year course. Findings also uncovered the extent to which student teachers were ‘allowed’ by some teachers, but not by others, to take risks in their practice, and the impact this has on student teachers’ sense of autonomy and confidence. Implications of the research demonstrate how findings can impact on ITE course design and partnering models between University and schools.
Updated: Jul. 28, 2020
This paper reports on interviews with 19 senior teacher educators from 18 universities across Australia who offer fully online courses in initial teacher education (ITE). Teacher educators provided insight into four focus areas related to online ITE: 1) institutional practices; 2) affordances; 3) challenges; and 4) research priorities. Analysis revealed teacher educators perceived that online ITE can not only match on campus delivery but is also able to respond to reform agendas in ITE, including attracting students with attributes and characteristics that are likely to see them succeed as teachers, enabling students to experience contemporary approaches to learning, building strong partnerships between schools and universities, and helping address teacher shortages in rural/regional areas.
Updated: Nov. 21, 2019
‘Letting the Right One In’: Provider Contexts for Recruitment to Initial Teacher Education in the United Kingdom
This study examined relationships between the recruitment practice and contexts for recruitment to initial teacher education (ITE). The authors found that policy makers in England have recently shifted the balance of responsibility for recruitment from higher education institutes (HEIs) to schools. The policy makers in Wales are considering a similar change, but at present their recruitment is firmly in the control of HEIs. The authors found that the recruitment to ITE in Northern Ireland remains firmly in the control of HEIs whilst policymakers in Scotland remain committed to its partnership of HEIs and local authorities in recruiting to ITE.
Updated: Nov. 15, 2018
This article investigates the trajectories of the student teachers’ changing conceptions of teaching and learning approaches throughout their undergraduate programme. The results reveal that all participants agreed that student-centred teaching approaches were the best teaching strategies in both years 1 and 4 of the BEd programme. The findings also indicate that three factors: faculty, learners’ attitudes towards learning and ability to integrate different learning resources, influenced the development of the student teachers’ conceptions of teaching and learning approaches. The authors present three types of trajectories: guided touring, experiential detouring and self-guided touring, as the changes in both conceptions of teaching and learning approaches.
Updated: Oct. 25, 2018
This study explores 10 pre-service English foreign language (EFL) teachers' motivation change in a Government-funded Normal Program in China. The findings reveal that the participants’ motivations experienced ups and downs in the process of learning to teach, which ultimately led to their enhanced intrinsic motivations towards teaching. Further, the authors found that the pre-service teachers' engagement with their peers and the teacher educators in the coursework facilitated their cognitive learning with positive influences on their self-efficacy and also brought them a sense of social connectedness, which together contributed to their motivational development.
Updated: May. 16, 2018
Initial Science Teacher Education in Portugal: The Thoughts of Teacher Educators About the Effects of the Bologna Process
The purpose of this article was to examine how science teacher educators perceived the changes that took place in the formal way of educating junior school and high school science teachers, due to the implementation of the Bologna process guidelines. The findings reveal that participants are not concerned with the change in the type of degree required for teaching. However, they stated that they are concerned about the teaching practice and the science to be taught components. They believe that these components should be strengthened in the post-Bologna masters in teaching. The authors argue that the changes were introduced in Portuguese educational laws. These changes were proved to be consistent with the participants' opinions.
Updated: Apr. 10, 2018
This study examines the development, description, and illustration of inherent requirement (IR) statements in relation to the professional practice component of an initial teacher education (ITE) course. The authors used consultative group processes with stakeholders involved in ITE to identify seven IR domains. Furthermore, they used interviews with academics to develop first-person narratives and to illustrate pre-service teachers’ performance in complex professional practice scenarios. Then, university staff and pre-service teachers rated the narratives in relation to three of the IR domains. In conclusion, the authors believe that these narratives have potential to exemplify the IR, to develop understanding of professional practice performance requirements for pre-service teachers and to assist the decision-making of teacher educators.
Updated: Feb. 13, 2018