Search results for: Initial teacher education
Page 1/6 54 items
Teacher candidates are required to learn substantial fundamental and practical knowledge often within short, fast-paced initial teacher education (ITE) programs. This study examined assessment education through a case study of 35 teacher candidates enrolled in an assessment/evaluation concentration at one Canadian institution. Using a slow movement framework with Fink’s (2013) significant learning experiences taxonomy, pedagogies were analyzed that provoked slow and significant learning. Findings from multiple data sources revealed trends in significant learning across program phases and pedagogical conditions, including authentic course assessments, cycles of coursework and placements, and collaboration. Directions for future research and ITE programming are provided.
Updated: Sep. 02, 2021
Pre-service and in-service teachers’ professional learning through the pedagogical exchange of ideas during a teaching abroad experience
This study explores the professional learning of ten pre-service teachers from Hong Kong and ten host teachers in a school in China who participated in a teaching abroad project. The participants’ professional learning during the project is conceptualised within five knowledge domains of quality teaching for the twenty-first century: personal, contextual, pedagogical, sociological and social. The findings suggest that by immersing pre-service teachers in an unfamiliar teaching environment, they can learn professional knowledge for teaching in an increasingly complex world. This complements the knowledge they are acquiring in their domestic courses and practicums. Furthermore, through the pedagogical exchange of ideas, the host teachers are also found to benefit. The authors recommend that teaching abroad opportunities be included in initial teacher education (ITE) programmes and that host teachers’ professional learning are considered in their development.
Updated: Jul. 28, 2021
This study, based on a corpus of interviews with student primary school teachers engaged in a two-year programme of initial teacher education in France, investigates their readiness to meet the challenges of the multicultural classroom. Their attitudes towards the cultural and linguistic diversity of their classrooms, and their capacity to go beyond simply ‘managing’ the situation are analysed. The results suggest that without major changes in approach at the levels of teacher education, schools administration and within schools themselves; the rich possibilities to develop positive attitudes to inclusion and interculturality offered by the presence of plurilingual and pluricultural children in primary school classrooms will continue to be overlooked.
Updated: Jul. 14, 2021
Analyzing Mentor Narratives of Reflective Practice: A Case for Supporting Adult Learning in Hungarian Initial Teacher Education
In this paper, the authors outline findings from a research project on mentor teachers’ conceptualizations and strategies of mentoring novice teachers for reflective practice. The study was conducted with the aim to explore the qualitatively different ways in which mentor teachers conceive of mentoring for reflective practice and also how they translate this into actual mentoring strategies. They interviewed 10 senior mentor teachers who are certified mentors at Hungarian primary and secondary schools. The transcripts were analyzed using a phenomenographic approach. Mentor teachers were found to oscillate between fragmented and cohesive conceptions of mentoring for teaching with varying levels of integrating the notion of reflective practice and addressing mentees as adult learners. Based on the results a structure of conceptualizations and strategies was created.
Updated: Jul. 14, 2021
Student teachers’ beliefs about diversity: analysing the impact of a ‘diversity week’ during Initial Teacher Education
This article reports findings from a week of enrichment placements framed around ‘diversity’ within a secondary Initial Teacher Education (ITE) programme in England. The authors outline the demographics of the county – a largely rural, White county in the East Midlands of England – and describe the challenges this presents for ITE. A mixed-methods approach was used to study student teachers’ (n = 56) beliefs about diversity, generating data through: pre- and post-survey of beliefs and attitudes; student-created reflective videos; journaling; and one pre- and post-diversity week interview. The findings reveal shifts in student teachers’ perceptions about gender, race and sexuality, and these attitudinal shifts were more significant in those attending all week than those attending only the first day. This is particularly interesting because for some topics the only formal input was on the first day, and so the authors argue for the importance of time and space for creative reflection in beginning teachers’ professional development.
Updated: Jun. 23, 2021
Learning to teach across the boundary: A cultural historical activity theory perspective on a university-school partnership in Vietnam
Featuring a fundamental component in initial teacher education (ITE), the practicum also presents pre-service teachers (PSTs) with challenges arising in the process of crossing the boundary between the university and school. This paper draws on the Cultural Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) to analyse case study data on a university-school partnership in Vietnam. Findings reveal a ‘separatist’ partnership, characterised by marked division of labour, and insufficient communication between the partners. In light of CHAT, the paper offers a renewed understanding of partnership, whereby contradictions are viewed as valuable for learning as consistent ideas and values held by the partners.
Updated: Jun. 23, 2021
Educate – mentor – nurture: improving the transition from initial teacher education to qualified teacher status and beyond
This study investigated the wellbeing of early career teachers in England and Australia to examine how best to provide early career support as a foundation for professional growth and longer-term retention. Survey responses from 67 newly qualified teachers in England and Australia, and five semi-structured interviews, provided rich insights into new teachers’ experiences, highlighting the overwhelming nature of the transition experience as new teachers struggled to adjust as they moved from the relative safety of the initial teacher education context to the reality of work in schools, in particular managing considerable workload which continued beyond the initial transition phase. Vital to successful transition were ongoing linkages between initial teacher education providers and employing schools, a supportive community of practice and bespoke mentoring. This has important policy implications, emphasising the need for personalised approaches to transition with high-quality mentoring during the first few years in the profession. An ‘educate – mentor – nurture’ model is proposed, to enable smoother and more supportive transitions, leading to professional growth and wellbeing.
Updated: May. 20, 2021
Beginning teachers’ developing clinical judgement: knowledge, skills and attributes for clinical teaching
This paper reports on a case study that tracked a group of beginning teachers who were undertaking an employment-based model of Initial Teacher Education (ITE). This ITE program combined academic study for a Masters-level degree with part-time employment in secondary schools. The beginning teachers were concurrently engaged in face-to-face and blended learning, with substantial professional in-school experience (0.8). The focus of the study was an investigation of the development of clinical judgement and how these beginning teachers articulate the knowledge, skills and attributes required for their professional decision-making with a model of clinical teaching. Drawing on data collected using open-text questionnaires at two-time points, findings of the study indicate a strong acknowledgement of the centrality of a student centered focus by the beginning teachers. Participants’ responses indicated awareness of the importance of using data to identify learning need/s and for planning pedagogic interventions. However, there was comparatively limited evidence of beginning teachers generating data on or reflecting on the implications of their pedagogical choices to inform adjustments for future interventions. This highlights the importance of providing beginning teachers with ongoing support to build their clinical judgement and refine its application in clinical teaching.
Updated: Apr. 26, 2021
Voices on Data Literacy and Initial Teacher Education: Pre-service teachers’ reflections and recommendations
The purpose of study was gain insight into pre-service teachers’ experiences in using classroom data to make learning and teaching decisions. The qualitative study is based on the reflections and recommendations of three pre-service teachers’ that participated in a data-driven decision-making intervention whilst on an immersive 10-week professional learning experience. This study is underpinned by an action research framework. From the thematic analysis of the reflections, several recommendations were put forward by the pre-service teachers. They advocated for dedicated time to develop data collection, analysis, and visualisation skills and that these skills should be embedded in their degrees. Their reflections articulate the need to have a strong set of data related skills and competencies in order to be able to engage with professional practice.
Updated: Apr. 06, 2021
Delivery of a western-centric initial teacher education award in a Chinese-centric context. What constitutes good practice?
This paper has two purposes. First, to explore ways in which a western-centric in-service teacher education programme has transformed the teaching of 14 teacher participants who hitherto used a more Chinese-centric approach to teaching. Second, to investigate if any changes that have occurred have diffused beyond the teacher participants’ classrooms and if so, to whom and to where. The teacher participants belonged to one of four cohorts of teachers who, between 2014–2019, enrolled onto a UK accredited, level seven, Post Graduate Certificate (International) Education (PGCIE), blended learning programme. All used English as the medium of instruction to teach English, Accounts or Business subjects to Chinese students, aged 18–23. Underpinned by principles of pedagogical gains through reflective practice, the programme’s aim was to develop teacher participants’ practice, with an emphasis on student-led approaches to teaching and learning. Tenets of two theoretical frameworks (transformational learning and diffusion of innovations) furnished a lens to view the data. Data were gathered from interviews with teacher participants and managers. Available and relevant statistical data were also used. The paper presents evidence of how transformational learning leads to improved teacher effectiveness and how changes in practice can become diffused beyond the classroom and to others.
Updated: Jan. 26, 2021