Search results for: Education policies
Page 2/20 195 items
The authors conducted a content analysis to examine trends in articles published between 1996 and 2014 in two journals—Teacher Education and Special Education (TESE) and the Journal of Teacher Education (JTE). They analyzed the data using visual inspection, magnitude of trend, and percent of change. Most notably, they confirmed reductions in nonempirical articles, survey research, qualitative inquiries, and program descriptions. By contrast, they observed increases in articles that included P-12 student outcomes and in quantitative research, as well as in topics of in-service, global, and clinical experiences.
Updated: Jan. 29, 2017
This study is a preliminary exploration of current Common Core State Standards (CCSS) preparation in Institutions of Higher Education (IHEs). Focus groups were conducted with pre-service teachers and professors in general and special education programs at five colleges across two southeastern states. Findings address the perceptions of both groups related to knowledge, ability, contributions, and barriers to application of CCSS.
Updated: Jan. 19, 2017
The present article traces the key periods, players and events which have contributed to the shaping of the current landscape of teacher education in Scotland. The authors examine ebb and flow amongst General Teaching Council for Scotland (GTCS), government, colleges of education and universities. The authors conclude that the rate of change in Scotland is often glacial, with two major factors contributing to that, the conservatism of the teacher unions and indirectly of the GTCS on which these unions have a majority. However, Scotland is now committed to a career-long process of professional learning with periodic review of individual teacher progress and is moving towards a profession which is qualified to postgraduate Master’s level. In all of this, the teacher education faculties in universities play a part, in partnership with schools and local authorities.
Updated: Jan. 18, 2017
The current research examines the relative effectiveness of universities and new program types using the diverse market in Texas. The authors examine program effectiveness through a framework integrating certificate pathways, organizational goals, and market incentives. The authors found that independent nonprofits have positive effects on student performance that are not explained by teacher sorting or program selectivity, and these effects only occur in math. Furthermore, independent nonprofits perform well with most high-risk populations but have no advantage with Black students, no presence on rural schools, and negative effects, and designated special education (SPED) students. The authors argue that these findings suggest that policy makers should proceed with caution when advocating for expanding or limiting any particular program type.
Updated: Dec. 20, 2016
This article focuses on the Conservative–Liberal coalition government’s policy in teacher education in England and its implications for the work of teacher educators. It argues that policies influenced by the neoliberal and neoconservative policies of past governments from the late 1970s have been continued and even accelerated by the current coalition government, with the result of a much more significant and rapid shift to more school-based and school-led initial teacher education and continuing professional development.
Updated: Sep. 28, 2016
In this study, the authors investigate how field-based teacher preparation supports candidates’ evolving understanding and learning about the nature of educational policy in practice. The findings indicate that candidates developed enduring understandings regarding the relationship between educational policy and classroom practice through the field-based module. In addition, candidates understand the multiple layers and actors in educational policy, including the central role of teachers in implementing policy in practice to meet the needs of diverse students. The authors emphasize the importance of field-based teacher education.
Updated: Sep. 11, 2016
The Impact of Changing Policies about Technology on the Professional Development Needs of Early Years Educators in England
This article explores the pedagogical technology continuing professional development (CPD) needs of early years educators in England. The findings reveal a difference in interpretation of ICTs between the UK governments and academic research that questions the merits of using ICTs for teaching. The practitioners associate ICTs with computers and software and mirror recent UK governments and their message that ‘e is best’. Furthermore, the practitioners view ICT as being a key CPD priority but they expect ‘instruction’ as opposed to directing CPD processes themselves.
Updated: Aug. 03, 2016
This article seeks to understand how persistent categories of written language in institutional texts support the cultural-historical production and re-production of teacher educators as kinds of academic workers in Australia. A surprising finding was the almost complete absence of the ‘teacher educator’ within these texts. Analysis revealed, instead, textual distinctions between the advertisements (shown to be preoccupied with the image and positioning of institutional priorities and the supporting materials) which were characterised by the language of Human Resources.
Updated: Aug. 01, 2016
In this personal essay, the author describes developments within teacher education in the USA over a 40-year period. Beginning with his work within teacher education as a graduate student and moving across time, he describes major movements in teacher education. The author concludes that most teacher educators find themselves working under an ever-present and threatening regulatory gaze. Furthermore, in the USA, filling up expensive and rapidly evolving data management systems to document quality is substitute for the pursuit of quality.
Updated: Jun. 20, 2016
Constructing the Academic Category of Teacher Educator in Universities’ Recruitment Processes in Aotearoa, New Zealand
This study examined the recruitment and appointment of university-based teacher educators in Aotearoa New Zealand. The findings revealed three institutionally reified and identifiable constructions of the teacher educator type of academic worker: the professional expert, the dually qualified teacher educator and the ‘traditional academic’ type of teacher educator. This study argues that the present recruitment and appointment processes are taking a bifurcated approach in the employment of education faculty, recruiting mostly professional experts or traditional academics to positions within university-based ITE. By taking such an approach, these institutional constructions are supporting several persistent and arguably troubling binaries shaping understandings of ITE in the university setting including theory/practice, research/teaching and academic/professional.
Updated: Jun. 01, 2016