This study investigated the differences between leavers and stayers in terms of the process of their resilience responses. The author focused on major psychological factors such as value, self-efficacy, beliefs and emotions in order to understand how leavers and stayers are similar or different in negotiating and interpreting external environments. The findings revealed that both leavers and stayers had intrinsic interests in working as a teacher. However, the ways that leavers perceived and interpreted challenges were different from those of stayers. Furthermore, this study showed how teachers’ values, self-efficacy, beliefs and emotions are nurtured or hindered due to the school and classroom environments. These findings have implications for professional teacher development.