Search results for: Instruction effectiveness
Page 2/10 96 items
This exploratory study aimed to examine online teachers’ self-reported frequency and confidence in performing online learning tasks. The study compared between two groups of teachers. One group was comprised of teachers who had completed a comprehensive preparation program, the other group comprised of teachers who participated in a one-day face-to-face workshop. This study found no differences between those with extensive preparation for teaching online and those with only a basic understanding of the course design, the structure of online course materials, and expectations and responsibilities.
Updated: Aug. 16, 2015
The present paper develops the familiar metaphor of teaching as performance towards a definition of teaching as performative act, where words and actions aim to effect cognitive, affective, and behavioral changes in learners. Through the lens of speech act theory, the author argues that teaching consists of pedagogical perlocutions—speech acts whose observed and unobserved effects on learners exceed authorial intention and scientific prediction. The author concludes by considering the ways in which these definitions of effects and effectiveness are themselves the performative effects of performance-based teacher assessment regimes.
Updated: May. 17, 2015
Creating Learning Opportunities for Teachers and Students: A Cultural-Historical Understanding of Classroom Research
In this article, the authors propose cultural-historical activity theory as a framework for understanding the opportunities that arise for students and teachers from the presence of researchers in the classroom. They analyze three vignettes from their research in elementary mathematics classrooms for the purpose of illustrating a cultural-historical activity theoretic explanation of the interaction. Finally, the authors suggest that the “impact” of research can be increased at least locally when participants capitalize on the opportunities that arise for teaching and learning when researchers are present.
Updated: May. 17, 2015
The Test Matters: The Relationship Between Classroom Observation Scores and Teacher Value Added on Multiple Types of Assessment
This study examined how the relationships between one observation protocol, the Protocol for Language Arts Teaching Observation (PLATO), and value-added measures shift when different tests are used to assess student achievement. The findings revealed that PLATO was more strongly related to the Stanford Achievement Test (SAT-9), the alternative assessment used by MET to assess more ambitious outcomes. Furthermore, the authors found that the SAT-9 is more instructionally sensitive to the PLATO factor of Cognitive and Disciplinary Demand than the state tests used in MET study.
Updated: Feb. 11, 2015
This study evaluated the effectiveness of the simSchool (v.1) simulation as a tool for preparing student teachers for actual classroom teaching. The findings reveal that participants’ scores for their simulated students’ learning significantly improved between practice and actual simulation sessions with one student. However, participants' learning scores significantly decreased as complexity increased between sessions with one student and five students.
Updated: Jul. 20, 2014
In this article, the author argues that there is a lack of research into the role of the facilitator of discussions of video for professional development. A key purpose of this article is to expose aspects of the role of the facilitator of teacher learning, not reported in previous research in the use of video. Hence, the author documents research he undertook into the use of video as a tool for teacher learning. In analysing empirical data from one school, he suggests five key aspects or decision points in working with teachers on video: selecting a video clip, setting up the discussion norms, re-watching the video, moving to interpretation, and metacommenting. The author argues that having presented key aspects of the role of the facilitator of video use, a further look at the detail of the data from discussions serves to highlight some of the complexities involved in just one of the categories.
Updated: Jul. 08, 2014
The purpose of this article is to describe the results of a teacher–teacher educator collaboration focused on adapting the Center for Research on Education, Diversity, and Excellence (CREDE) standards for Effective Pedagogy for use in early childhood (EC) settings. The CREDE standards are instructional strategies that developed from research on K–12 diverse learners. Participants included 13 preschool teachers and 2 administrators serving 2- to 5-years-olds at a university-based EC center. The authors made changes to criteria for the standards so as to make them more developmentally appropriate, with considerations of language development, a focus on goals that included self management and social skills, and children’s tendencies to be more egocentric and less self-aware. However, the educators generally felt that the CREDE strategies were appropriate for early childhood instruction.
Updated: Jun. 25, 2014
Scaffolding Preservice Teachers' Higher-Order Reasoning During Technology Integration: A Design Research Inquiry
The authors designed and examined progressively increasing scaffolds that integrated multiple scaffolding functions to facilitate three technology-based lesson design projects. The preservice teachers initially demonstrated superficial analysis, convergent ideation, and little evaluation when only limited procedural, conceptual, metacognitive, and strategic scaffolds were provided. Increased procedural and conceptual scaffolds in the second project improved the preservice teachers’ analytic and generative reasoning skills, as they identified multiple challenges, technology tools, and lesson ideas to integrate technology.
Updated: May. 26, 2014
Are We Asking the Right Questions?: A Conceptual Review of the Educational Development Literature in Higher Education
This is a conceptual review of the literature variously referred to as faculty development, educational development, instructional development, and academic development in higher education. The authors used different questions that queried the nature of educational development practice and the thinking underlying practice. This six-cluster framework provides a new way of thinking about the design of practice and a more meaningful basis for investigating the effectiveness of educational development practice.
Updated: May. 25, 2014
Opportunities for Teacher Learning During Enactment of Inquiry Science Curriculum Materials: Exploring the Potential for Teacher Educative Materials
The work of this study examines the process of interacting with materials and students while thinking about teaching in order to guide curriculum material designers’ thinking about when and how materials might be helpful for teachers. The study followed a seventh-grade science teacher, who enacted five inquiry-based science units with all 5 of her seventh-grade science classes over a 2-year period. The findings describe the teacher’s interactions with materials written to support teachers learning to teach inquiry science. Findings indicate that this teacher’s ideas developed as she interacted with materials and her students. Information about student ideas, task and idea-specific support, and model teacher language was most helpful.
Updated: Apr. 30, 2014