Describing Profiles of Instructional Practice: A New Approach to Analyzing Classroom Observation Data

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Jul. 01, 2015

Source: Educational Researcher, Volume 44, Issue 5, June/July 2015

In this article, the authors outline the application of latent class analysis (LCA) to classroom observational instruments. This analysis offers diagnostic information about teachers’ instructional strengths and weaknesses, along with estimates of measurement error for individual teachers, while remaining relatively straightforward to implement and interpret.


It is discussed how the methodology can support formative feedback to educators and facilitate research into the associations between instructional practices and student outcomes. The approach is illustrated with a secondary analysis of data from the Measures of Effective Teaching study, focusing on middle school literacy instruction.

Updated: Apr. 26, 2017
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