Search results for: Epistemology
Page 1/5 41 items
Exploring epistemologies: deepening pre-service teachers’ ways of knowing through international professional experience
This study utilised institutional ethnography to inquire into the lived experiences of 15 Australian pre-service teachers (PSTs) who completed an international professional experience in Indonesia. The PSTs were privy to a unique cultural experience, one grounded in an epistemological stance that differed considerably from their own. Despite completing substantial pre-service teacher education coursework prior to travelling to Indonesia, the PSTs became more acutely aware of how school students, teachers, and community members may operate from varied ways of knowing. As such, in this article the authors argue that international professional experiences have the possibility to guide PSTs towards newer and deeper explorations of epistemologies, a process of paramount importance in preparing future teachers to work effectively and appropriately in diverse classrooms.
Updated: Jul. 28, 2021
Knowledge and Knowing in Mathematics and Pedagogy: A Case Study of Mathematics Student Teachers’ Epistemological Beliefs
The current study examines the challenges that students experience in the consolidation of knowledge in mathematics and education. The findings reveal that the epistemological beliefs of the three students differed between the two disciplines. The authors argue that all the students tended to regard mathematical knowledge as certain and coherent in nature. In education, however, they relied more on personal opinions and experiences as sources and justifications of knowledge. They also identify six main areas that can challenge the consolidation of mathematical and pedagogical knowledge.
Updated: Sep. 13, 2017
Integrating the Ontological, Epistemological, and Sociocultural Aspects: A Holistic View of Teacher Education
In this paper, the author argues that a holistic and interdependent view of these aspects is needed. Thus, this paper aims to explore the process of teacher learning from a holistic perspective. Through deliberative discussions and selection, 13 ‘good’ teachers were interviewed in this study. The findings indicate that there may be a two-stage pattern (the II-VA model) that describes two different sorts of teachers. The first sort refers to those teachers who developed strong identities before beginning their teaching service and who tended to have a clearer educational vision which had a direct impact on their practices and professional development. As for the second sort, the teachers’ identities were vague in their first years of teaching, but their professional identities gradually developed within the referential community with affective and professional functions.
Updated: Aug. 09, 2017
This study investigated the relationships between Australian early years teachers’ epistemic beliefs and their beliefs about children’s moral learning. Results indicated that early years teachers held relatively sophisticated epistemic beliefs. The participants held epistemic beliefs reflecting views that knowledge is not certain; that knowledge is more than simple facts and that learning can take time; that truths are not absolute and that what is true today is not necessarily true tomorrow. With respect to beliefs about moral learning, teachers were less likely to agree that teachers had a role in children’s moral learning or that schools were the context where moral learning should take place.
Updated: Jun. 05, 2017
Some Reflections on the Links between Teacher Education and Peace Education: Interrogating the Ontology of Normative Epistemological Premises
This article provides a critique of the essentialized assumptions about identity, culture and education that are found in contemporary peace education literature. Furthermore, it explores the implications that these assumptions have for teacher education in conflict and post-conflict societies. A major challenge for teacher education in conflict and post-conflict societies is how to create openings that take these complexities into consideration and create openings which address the limitations imposed by the nation-state. Finally, the authors propose the idea of teachers becoming critical design experts, in order to create openings for a renewed relationship between teacher education and peace education.
Updated: Jan. 08, 2017
In this article, the author examines her practices as a teacher educator in one course before and after returning to the secondary classroom to teach language learners full-time for one academic year. Based on her experiences, the author decided to make some deliberate and thoughtful changes to how she approached her work as a teacher educator. She changed the course framework in three ways: organization, epistemology, and making the course more practice-centered. However, the author learned that engaging teachers in practice-based teaching requires teacher educators to be specific and deliberate in setting their own purposes for the centrality of practice in their courses and programs and to explain these clearly to students.
Updated: Nov. 15, 2016
This article examines the challenges and the promises of complexity theory as a framework for teacher education research. One purpose is to elaborate the basic tenets of complexity theory, summarize its previous uses, and identify key challenges. A second purpose is to propose a new research platform that combines complexity theory with critical realism (CT-CR) and prompts a new set of empirical questions and research methods. This article concludes that the combination of complexity theory and critical realism offers a unique platform for teacher education research, which has theoretical consistency, methodological integrity, and practical significance.
Updated: Nov. 08, 2016
In this article, the author uses a general philosophy of science perspective in looking at the problem of justifying action research. First he tries to clarify the concept of justification, by contrasting it with the concept of validity, which seems to be used almost as a synonym in some parts of the literature. He discusses the need for taking a stand in relation to the questions of validity and justification also in action research.
Updated: Jun. 08, 2015
The goal of this study is to describe an intervention intended to improve preservice teachers’ understanding of phonological awareness. The participants were teacher candidates, who randomly assigned to watch a Content Acquisition Podcast on phonological awareness significantly outperformed matched peers who read a practitioner-friendly article on the same topic.
Updated: Apr. 15, 2015
This article examines the way the teacher candidates used their understandings of their roles and relationships to construct instances of success. These participants had the same content major, took the same teaching coursework, and had the same programmatic expectations for student teaching. Both deemed their student teaching internship as a successful learning experience, and they received a passing grade. However, the two teacher candidates differed in the ways which they made meaning of everyday events and relationships. One of the participants defined success through the feedback from her cooperating teachers and university supervisors, whereas the other participant drew upon her own internal beliefs.
Updated: Mar. 19, 2015