Search results for: Questioning strategies
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As part of the requirements for Residency I, a clinical-based course to prepare undergraduates for teaching, teacher candidates (art, music, physical education, agriculture, English, history, math, and science) participated in ATLAS video case analysis activities to examine the instructional strategies of accomplished teachers. Before watching the videos, candidates read lesson summaries and created possible questions to promote student discussion and higher-level thinking. Through peer group discussions, reflection questions, and interviews, candidates explained how the accomplished teachers 1) incorporated higher-order thinking questions; 2) probed and guided student thinking; 3) encouraged peer-to-peer interactions; 4) gave oral feedback; 5) provided wait time after questioning students; and 6) created classroom environments conducive to the use of questioning strategies. After the video case analysis activities, many candidates chose to revise their original questions to emulate the types of questions used by the accomplished teachers in the videos.
Updated: Aug. 03, 2021
Supporting Pre-Service Teachers in Becoming Reflective Practitioners Using Conversation and Professional Standards
A significant goal of teacher education is to support the development of reflective practitioners. This intention, however, is not easily achieved when after-the-fact recall and reporting are key features of pre-service teacher learning rather than critique and contemplation. This research reports on a small-scale pilot study evaluating a novel approach to help pre-service teachers develop reflective skills in order to both understand and address the requirements of the profession. The approach involved a set of Conversation Cards with a series of question-based prompts directly linked to the Australian Professional Standards for Teachers (APSTs) and designed to enhance reflective conversations. Focus group interview discussions unveiled the surprising ways in which the pre-service teachers used the question prompts, not only as tools for reflection but for planning lessons and preparing for professional discussions with mentors. This research provides insight into a creative and meaningful approach for integrating reflection, professional standards and classroom practice through professional experience.
Updated: Jun. 24, 2021
Exploring the Relationship between K-8 Prospective Teachers’ Algebraic Thinking Proficiency and the Questions They Pose during Diagnostic Algebraic Thinking Interviews
This study aimed to explore the relationship between teachers’ mathematics content knowledge and the types of questions they pose to investigate students’ mathematical thinking. The results provide insights about prospective teachers’ algebraic thinking ability and their readiness for fostering algebraic thinking in the K-8 students.
Updated: May. 10, 2017
What Are They Asking? An Analysis of the Questions Planned by Prospective Teachers When Integrating Literature in Mathematics
In this study, the researchers chose to explore the kinds of questions prospective teachers plan when utilizing literature in mathematics lessons to scaffold children’s understanding of the mathematics concepts presented through the text. Results revealed that some of the prospective teachers possessed a limited recognition of or ability to incorporate questioning when planning lessons. Furthermore, the results presented a need to analyze the planned questions based upon their dependency and utilization of said literature. Based upon the results of this study, there are implications and recommendations for both classroom teachers and teacher educators alike to consider when making determinations relative to the mathematics classroom, course, and field experience.
Updated: Nov. 22, 2016
Questioning to Scaffold: An Exploration of Questions in Pre-service Teacher Training Feedback Sessions
This study explored trainer questioning strategies which aimed to scaffold development and learning in teacher training feedback sessions. Findings include a categorisation of different question types which seemed to prompt reflection and construction of knowledge. The data also suggest that trainees need varying levels of support through different question types to better scaffold their understanding of teaching.
Updated: Dec. 22, 2015
This article argues for the value of using student ratings to measure quality of teaching. An international study to test the validity of the dynamic model of educational effectiveness was conducted. At classroom level, the model consists of eight factors relating to teacher behaviour: orientation, structuring, questioning, teaching modelling, application, management of time, teacher role in making classroom a learning environment and assessment. The analyses revealed that student ratings are reliable and valid for measuring the functioning of the teacher factors of the dynamic model.
Updated: Jan. 15, 2015
This study investigated the relationship between teachers’ beliefs about quality questions and their questioning behaviours in terms of questioning purposes, content focus, students’ cognitive level, wording and syntax. Findings show that although there was a general congruence between teachers’ beliefs and practices, there were discrepancies between what the teachers believed and what they actually did in the class with respect to the four specified features.
Updated: Sep. 22, 2014
This study examined the strategies that mentors adopted in giving actual feedback and the interns' perceptions of this feedback. Eleven participants in this study were five TESOL mentors, one Internship course instructor, and five MA student teaching interns. The mentors’ strategies included a number of strategies considered to be effective in giving intern-friendly or constructive feedback in teacher education contexts, such as the use of questions, the delivery of compliments before criticisms or specific suggestions. The findings reveal that the teaching interns’ comments seemed to indicate that they felt pleased with the feedback they received. The authors recommend that mentors pay special attention to affective factors when giving feedback to the interns to create the rapport with the latter and a favorable atmosphere for their learning.
Updated: Dec. 22, 2013
Mind the Gap: Looking for Evidence-Based Practice of Science Literacy for All in Science Teaching Journals
The authors examined whether science teaching journals’ recommendations are anchored to high-quality evidence. The authors found that (a) most National Science Teacher Association journals’ science literacy recommendations have weak or no evidence base and (b) those with evidence reference teaching journals, teacher resource books, and literacy education more often than science education research.
Updated: Apr. 23, 2013
Examining Teachers’ Instructional Moves Aimed at Developing Students’ Ideas and Questions in Learner-Centered Science Classrooms
In this study, the authors examined teachers’ instructional moves to elicit and develop students’ ideas and questions as they orchestrated discourse with their fifth grade students during a learner-centered environmental biology unit. The authors present three contrasting cases of teachers to highlight evidence that shows teachers’ differing strategies for eliciting students’ ideas and questions, and for developing their ideas, questions and questioning skills. The authors found that teachers could readily elicit ideas and questions but experienced challenges in helping students develop them.
Updated: Mar. 24, 2013