Improving Mathematics Instruction through Lesson Study: A Theoretical Model and North American Case

Aug. 20, 2009

Source: Journal of Mathematics Teacher Education, Volume 12, Number 4 / August 2009, p. 285-304.

This article presents a theoretical model of lesson study, an approach to instructional improvement that originated in Japan. The theoretical model includes four lesson study features (investigation, planning, research lesson, and reflection). It also includes three pathways through which lesson study improves instruction: changes in teachers’ knowledge and beliefs; changes in professional community; and changes in teaching–learning resources. The model thus suggests that development of teachers’ knowledge and professional community (not just improved lesson plans) are instructional improvement mechanisms within lesson study.
The theoretical model is used to explore the “auditable trail” of data from a North American lesson study case, yielding evidence that the lesson study work affected each of the three pathways.

The authors argue that the case provides an “existence proof” of the potential effectiveness of lesson study outside Japan. Limitations of the case are discussed, including (1) the nature of data available from the “auditable trail” and (2) generalizability to other lesson study efforts.

Updated: Oct. 14, 2009