Search results for: USA
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Mathematics Field Experience Design: The Role of Teaching Experiments and Lesson Study One Year Later During Student Teaching
The authors engaged preservice teachers in a redesigned mathematics field experience with a central focus on children’s reasoning through teaching experiments and purposeful reflection on practice through Lesson Study. Indicators of effective teaching were examined through analysis of lesson plans and enactment, comparing student teachers who participated in the revised approach with student teachers in conventional forms of field experience. Findings suggest that teaching aspects fostered by the revised approach during the field experience had a positive residual effect during student teaching. Those who took part in teaching experiments and lesson study had lesson plans that provided for sense-making, encouraged collaboration, and included investigative mathematics to a greater degree than those in the conventional group. Those in the revised group implemented lessons during student teaching that were more student-centered and considerate of classroom culture than those who took part in the conventional field experience. We provide recommendations for designing field experiences.
Updated: Oct. 20, 2021
Professional Dispositions of Teacher Candidates: Measuring Dispositions at a Large Teacher Preparation University to Meet National Standards
The current study reports the process by which one of the largest teacher preparation institutions in the Western U.S. assesses teacher candidates’ professional dispositions throughout their teacher preparation programs through the use of a survey developed by the university. The survey is completed by teacher candidates, mentor teachers, and supervising faculty. Results were analyzed using a Generalized Estimated Equations Model. Results indicated a slight increase in mean scores over time and mentor teachers rated students higher than the students rated themselves. No significant difference in mean scores was found between teacher candidates and supervising faculty. Reliability and validity of the instrument and results are discussed. Lastly, implications for the use of the Professional Dispositions Qualities (PDQ) instrument for accreditation purposes are discussed.
Updated: Oct. 20, 2021
In this mixed-methods study, the author provides a rich and nuanced picture of how different districts across one state with an underdefined support policy strive to support early-career teachers, and then assess the relationships between these experiences and teachers’ own reported satisfaction and commitment to the teaching profession. She finds substantial variation in the support experienced by early-career teachers. She also finds that mentorship, both formal and informal, and perceptions of professional development are positively associated with satisfaction and commitment. Other contextual organizational factors also play a role in early-career teachers’ experiences and outcomes.
Updated: Oct. 17, 2021
The data shared in this article is related to several critical incidents that occurred during summer of 2019 during a summer literacy programme where tutors worked with elementary age students in a university literacy centre. Each incident adds to learning by PSTs on professional behaviour. The paper will be thematically organised across four critical incidents. The first two involved conflict between three tutors, broadly. In one, a student was involved as the tutors engaged in personal conflict. In the second, the tutors alone were involved, however, the escalation of the situation occurred quite quickly. In the third narrative, the authors re-story a critical incident that involved the researchers and one of the teacher candidates across multiple moments in the programme. In the final narrative, model behaviour by two tutors was exhibited when handling mandated reporting.
Updated: Oct. 14, 2021
Examining the Development and Implementation of an Embedded, Multi-Semester Internship: Preliminary Perceptions of Teacher Education Candidates, Clinical Educators, and University Faculty
This article describes the development of an embedded, multi-semester internship that incorporated an intensive field experience delivered in partnership with a local district. It was theorized that the activities associated with the internship and the related partnership have the potential to be a powerful way to structure teacher learning to impact theory-practice connections and improve candidates’ efficacy for teaching and learning. Preliminary data collection in the form of surveys and focus group meetings have revealed positive outcomes, including perceptions of readiness to teach and the development of relationships between various stakeholders. Subsequent analyses will examine the impact on observable classroom behaviors, performance on the edTPA, and impact on teacher self-efficacy.
Updated: Oct. 08, 2021
As a teacher educator, the author sought to understand how to cultivate care ethics in her online teaching over a three-year period. Through surveys, student work, interviews, her course materials and teaching journal, and video-ed synchronous class sessions with seven cohorts of teacher candidates, the lenses of care ethics revealed particular challenges and possibilities for care with authentic modeling through story, practice and continuity, dialogue, and addressing power and confirmation in assessment. The self-study process helped her uncover her own assumptions to carve out better ways to cultivate caring relationships in the distanced and disembodied online environment.
Updated: Oct. 08, 2021
What Is Missing In Our Teacher Education Practices: A Collaborative Self-Study Of Teacher Educators With Children During The Covid-19 Pandemic
This self-study explores the experiences and challenges that the authors as mothers of young children and teacher educators have faced during the COVID-19 pandemic. While describing what their children experienced through remote learning and how they tried to support their learning, they reflect on their former school experiences and their teacher education practices. To do this, they address the following two research questions: (1) What were their children’s experiences in remote learning during the pandemic?; and (2) What were their experiences as mothers and teacher educators in supporting their children’s remote learning during the pandemic? Adopting a collaborative self-study methodology, they collected stories of their experiences as mothers and teacher educators during their children’s remote learning. Their data were collected through participant observations, field notes, and artifacts that their children created, as well as learning materials received from their teachers and schools during the period. In addition, they recorded virtual conferences and wrote reflective journals. The suda approach, which was developed as a research method by the authors was used for data analysis. Originally from Korean culture, suda in simple English is ‘chatting extensively.’ It is different from small talk or chit-chat, though, as it can take a large amount of time, covering several stories in depth. The findings provide several implications for teacher education, school policy, and educational research.
Updated: Oct. 07, 2021
This year-long study by an undergraduate teacher candidate explores the identity and emotional work involved in learning decisions through her teacher preparation program. Using personal reflections, analytic memos, and notes, she was able to discover patterns of learning in the emotional geographies in teacher education. Further, the authors employed both a critical and meta-critical friend to rigorously develop and interrogate themes and interpretations. Findings revealed that decisions to ‘invest’ in any particular learning context did not merely constitute an intellectual commitment. Rather embodied emotional responses to persons, ideologies, and environments challenged her to make sense of her place in emotional geographies. Her decision-making process involved moving toward investing in learning or presenting a more superficial performance. These decisions depended, in part, on her deliberations of whether the emotional geographies provided opportunities that she perceived would ‘build her’ or ‘break her.’ The authors assert that learning actively requires students to make decisions about their position, identity and belonging within educational relationships. Attending to embodied emotional work in classroom learning is often understudied, and yet is relevant to issues of power and equity with teacher education. This self-study offers teacher educators and researchers a glimpse into the benefits of a teacher candidate initiating and conducting a self-study and suggests that this could be a fruitful area to pursue methodologically. This research contributes a deeper understanding of such emotional work and how self-study involving teacher candidates can be used as a source of knowledge in teacher preparation programs.
Updated: Oct. 06, 2021
Becoming trauma-informed: a case study of early educator professional development and organizational change
An extraordinary number of young children are exposed to trauma that impacts their development and well-being. Early care and education (ECE) programs are uniquely positioned to support children exposed to trauma yet may lack access to resources and professional development to enhance their capacity to deliver trauma-informed care. Using a qualitative multiple case study methodology, this study investigated how five urban ECE programs adopted new trauma-informed practices as a result of participating in a collaborative model for professional learning. This model, called the Breakthrough Series Collaborative, is designed to build both individual and organizational capacity to implement new practices and is supported by theoretical frameworks from organizational and improvement science. The study explored the changes that occurred at the individual, classroom, and organizational levels. Results suggest changes in knowledge and attitudes about trauma, empathy, and teacher empowerment; classroom and practice level shifts including social and emotional teaching and family centered communication; and at the organizational level a more caring and collaborative workplace culture and improved interagency collaboration. The results further suggest that professional development delivered at the organizational level may support the coordinated implementation of new trauma-informed care (TIC) practices by both teachers and administrators building organizational capacity to improve and sustain these practices.
Updated: Sep. 29, 2021
Identifying primary and secondary stressors, buffers, and supports that impact ECE teacher wellbeing: implications for teacher education
Stress has been shown to negatively impact early childhood teachers’ abilities to provide high quality, responsive environments for young children. Previous studies of early childhood teacher stress have focused on the tasks and responsibilities inherent in the job as well as on structural conditions within the field of early childhood education. The present study explored inter- and intra-personal dimensions of early childhood teacher stress and applied the Stress Process model to teachers’ experience of work-related stress. Results from this qualitative study suggest that teachers experience primary stressors associated with the work itself and interactions with others within the workplace. They also experience secondary stressors when their work interferes with other domains of their lives. Despite these stressors, teachers have developed a variety of coping strategies and created networks of social support to buffer the impact of stressors on their practice. These findings use teachers’ own experiences to inform the types of pre-service training, professional development, and policy interventions that have the greatest potential to reduce ECE teacher stress and enable them to provide the highest quality early care and education for all children.
Updated: Sep. 24, 2021